Since we speak of God in masculine terms, we must first understand the meaning of human fatherhood.
When we speak of God the Father we are comparing God to a human father, we are in effect saying that while God is not a human father, he does posses certain characteristics of a human father without human limitations.
In the process of procreation:
1) The father is the principle or initiator of procreation while the mother is the receiver.
2) The man procreates outside or away from himself, as indicated by the arrow in the symbol, thus symbolizing transcendence in relation to the his offspring.
3) The mother procreates within herself as indicated by the symbol of circle and cross. She nurtures the child for nine months within herself and thus symbolizes immanence.
So, when we liken the Fatherhood of God to a human father let us also remember the words of St. Paul who states, "For this reason I kneel before the Father, from whom every family in heaven and on earth is named." (Eph 3:14-15) What St. Paul is affirming that all fatherhood has its origin in God the Father.
2. The Father Creator